Vessel (structure)

Beginning of construction, May 2017
Map of buildings and structures at Hudson Yards. Zoom the map and click on points for more details.

In an interview with Fortune magazine, Ross said that he "wanted to commission something transformational, monumental", which led to the concept for Vessel.[1] Ross was looking to five unnamed artists who were renowned for designing similar plazas, then asked them for in-depth proposals. He rejected all of the plans, at which point a colleague introduced Ross to Heatherwick.[2] Six weeks after they talked, Ross accepted Heatherwick's proposal immediately because it "had everything I wanted".[2] In an interview with designboom, Heatherwick said that his design for Vessel originated from a childhood experience when he "fell in love with an old discarded flight of wooden stairs outside a local building site".[3] The media first reported Heatherwick's commissioning in October 2013.[4][5]

The concept of Vessel was unveiled to the public on September 14, 2016,[1] in an event attended by hundreds of people including New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio.[6][2] Hosted by Anderson Cooper, the event featured a performance from the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater that evoked the interlocking design of Vessel's staircases.[2]

In April 2017, the first major piece of the sculpture was installed at Hudson Yards.[7] Construction started on April 18[8] with the installation of the first 10 pieces of the 75-piece structure.[9] It was projected for completion in the spring of 2019,[10] with the other 65 pieces arriving in five batches.[11] The structure topped out in December 2017.[12][13] In October 2018, it was announced that the opening of Vessel had been scheduled for March 15, 2019, and that tickets to enter the structure would become available in February.[14] By January 2019, Hudson Yards officials were soliciting public suggestions for a rename of Vessel. Though the structure had no official name, the Hudson Yards website called it the "Hudson Yards Staircase".[15] Vessel opened as scheduled on March 15, 2019.[16][17]


Vessel was criticized for its associated photo policies at the time of its opening. Hudson Yards, the owner of Vessel, claimed ownership of all pictures and videos taken of Vessel, and reserves the right to use any photos or videos taken for commercial purposes without paying royalty fees. This privileged use of photos and videos by Hudson Yards, a private company, has been criticized because Hudson Yards has benefited from $4.5 billion in tax revenue.[18] After criticism emerged about Vessel's copyright policy, Hudson Yards modified the policy so visitors would have ownership of photos of Vessel.[19][20][21]

After Vessel opened, critics wrote that it was largely inaccessible for wheelchair users. As built, Vessel mainly consisted of stairs, with only a single elevator to connect one of the sets of landings.[22][23] Because of this, disability-rights groups protested outside the structure.[24] The United States Department of Justice filed a complaint alleging that because of the number of separate landings within Vessel, most of the structure was not compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act, except for the portions directly outside the elevator. Furthermore, elevator stops on the fifth and seventh stories were sometimes skipped due to overcrowding concerns.[24] In December 2019, Related Companies and Vessel operator ERY Vessel LLC reached an agreement with the Department of Justice to increase accessibility to the structure by adding wheelchair lifts and retaining elevator access to all levels.[25][24][26]


On February 1, 2020, a 19-year-old man jumped from the sixth floor of the structure and died; the media reported this as the first such incident involving the Vessel.[27][28][29] On December 22, 2020, a 24-year-old woman jumped from the top of the structure and also died.[30][31] A third fatality occurred less than a month later on January 11, 2021, when a 21-year-old man jumped from the Vessel.[32][33] Following the third death, the structure was indefinitely closed while the Related Companies consulted with experts on a strategy to prevent future suicides.[34][35] Residents of the surrounding neighborhoods hired a suicide prevention expert, who suggested adding netting or raising the glass barriers.[36] However, no changes were ultimately made to the barriers.[36][37]

Vessel was reopened at the end of May 2021, but all visitors were required to be accompanied by at least one other person. In addition, after the first hour of each day, all visitors above five years old had to pay $10 for a ticket. Tickets for the first hour of the day, as well as tickets for children five and under, were free.[38][39] Revenue from ticket sales was to directly fund additional safety upgrades.[39] Two months after Vessel reopened, on July 29, 2021, a 14-year-old boy jumped to his death while he was with his family.[36][40] After the fourth death, Vessel was again closed indefinitely.[36] Stephen Ross said at the time he was considering closing the structure permanently.[41][42]

^ a b Cite error: The named reference fortune20160914 was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ a b c d Cite error: The named reference nyt20160915 was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ Cite error: The named reference db20160914 was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ Cite error: The named reference curbed20131029 was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ Maloney, Jennifer; Brown, Eliot (October 29, 2013). "Aiming for an Artistic 'Icon'". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved May 16, 2017. ^ Cite error: The named reference trd20160914 was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ "Go inside Hudson Yards as its 'Vessel' gets its groundbreaking". Curbed NY. April 18, 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017. ^ "Construction To Begin On Hudson Yards 'Vessel'". CBS New York. April 18, 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017. ^ Varinsky, Dana; Garfield, Leanna (April 18, 2017). "The biggest real estate development in American history will have a 15-story maze of stairwells". Business Insider. Retrieved May 16, 2017. ^ Warerkar, Tanay (August 17, 2017). "Hudson Yards's $200M 'Vessel' is on the rise". Curbed NY. Retrieved September 22, 2017. ^ Silva, Bianca (April 19, 2017). "Ten by Sea: Vessel's Vital Components Arrive at Hudson Yards". Chelsea Now. Retrieved May 19, 2017. ^ Warerkar, Tanay (December 6, 2017). "Thomas Heatherwick's 'Vessel' tops out in Hudson Yards". Curbed NY. Retrieved December 9, 2017. ^ "Heatherwick's Copper 'Vessel' Tops Out at New York's Hudson Yards". ArchDaily. December 7, 2017. Retrieved December 9, 2017. ^ Walker, Ameena (April 4, 2018). "Tracking the biggest buildings taking shape at Hudson Yards". Curbed NY. Retrieved November 25, 2018. ^ Cohen, Michelle (January 25, 2019). "Thomas Heatherwick's Hudson Yards sculpture awaits public opinion for official name". 6sqft. Retrieved January 26, 2019. ^ Fahner, Micki (March 16, 2019). "Vessel, the maze-like vertical structure, opens in NYC's Hudson Yards". NBC News. Retrieved February 2, 2020. ^ "Highly-Anticipated Hudson Yards Development Officially Opens To The Public – CBS New York". CBS New York. March 15, 2019. Retrieved March 23, 2019. ^ deMause, Neil (October 11, 2018). "Hudson Yards Has $4.5 Billion In Taxpayer Money. Will We Ever See It Again?". Gothamist. Retrieved March 20, 2019. ^ Cite error: The named reference nyt20190319 was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ Yakas, Ben (March 20, 2019). "Vessel Changes Terms & Conditions After Extreme Photo Policy Controversy, Lawyers Still Find It 'Troubling'". Gothamist. New York Public Radio. Retrieved January 20, 2021. ^ Tarny, James (March 18, 2019). "After Public Outcry, a Rewritten Photo Policy for Hudson Yards' 'Vessel'". Bloomberg. Retrieved March 20, 2019. ^ Lange, Alexandra (December 20, 2019). "New York City's two biggest design stories of 2019 are also design failures". Curbed NY. Retrieved December 27, 2019. ^ "Stair Worship: Heatherwick's Vessel". The Avery Review. March 12, 1990. Retrieved December 27, 2019. ^ a b c Plitt, Amy (December 23, 2019). "Hudson Yards' Vessel must add 'one-of-a-kind platform lift' to improve accessibility". Curbed NY. Retrieved December 27, 2019. ^ Cite error: The named reference nyp20191223 was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ "One-of-a-Kind Mechanism to Be Installed in the Vessel to Increase Accessibility for Individuals With Disabilities". NBC New York. December 23, 2019. Retrieved December 27, 2019. ^ Quinn, Allison (February 2, 2020). "Teen Jumps to His Death From Manhattan Sculpture as Onlookers Watch". The Daily Beast. Retrieved February 2, 2020. ^ Parnell, Wes (February 2, 2020). "Teen leaps to death off Hudson Yards Vessel". New York Daily News. Retrieved February 2, 2020. ^ Syckle, Katie Van; Salcedo, Andrea (February 2, 2020). "Suicide at Hudson Yards Vessel: Teenager Jumps Over Railing". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 26, 2020. ^ "Woman Jumps To Her Death From Hudson Yards' Vessel". Patch. December 22, 2020. Retrieved December 26, 2020. ^ "NYC Woman Follows Fatal Leap From Hudson Yards Vessel With Heartbreaking Instagram Post". Hudson Daily Voice. December 25, 2020. Retrieved December 26, 2020. ^ Rayman, Graham. "Man, 21, jumps to death from the Vessel at Manhattan's Hudson Yards". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 12, 2021. ^ Moore, Tina; Mongelli, Lorena; McCarthy, Craig (January 11, 2021). "Another suicide rocks the Hudson Yards Vessel". New York Post. Retrieved January 12, 2021. ^ Shanahan, Ed; de Freytas-Tamura, Kimiko (January 12, 2021). "150-Foot Vessel Sculpture at Hudson Yards Closes After 3rd Suicide". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 13, 2021. ^ "Heatherwick's Vessel closed to the public after third suicide in less than a year". The Art Newspaper. Retrieved January 13, 2021. ^ a b c d Wong, Ashley; Gold, Michael (July 29, 2021). "Fourth Suicide at the Vessel Leads to Calls for Higher Barriers". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 29, 2021. ^ "Teen Boy Dies by Suicide at Hudson Yards' Vessel, Fourth in 18 Months". NBC New York. July 29, 2021. Retrieved July 30, 2021. ^ "Hudson Yards Vessel reopens with focus on suicide prevention". ABC7 New York. May 26, 2021. Retrieved May 26, 2021. ^ a b Cuozzo, Steve (May 26, 2021). "Hudson Yards Vessel bans individual visitors after rash of suicides". New York Post. Retrieved May 26, 2021. ^ Parascandola, Rocco; Tracy, Thomas (July 29, 2021). "Teenager jumps to his death from the Vessel at NYC's Hudson Yards". New York Daily News. Retrieved July 30, 2021. ^ Kirsch, Noah (July 29, 2021). "Billionaire Developer Mulls Closing NYC Tourist Hot Spot After 14-Year-Old Leaps to His Death". The Daily Beast. Retrieved July 30, 2021. ^ Avery, Dan (August 5, 2021). "Can New York City's 'Vessel' Be Saved?". Architectural Digest. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
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Aquesta pregunta es fa per comprovar si vostè és o no una persona real i impedir l'enviament automatitzat de missatges brossa.

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