Sviatohirsk Lavra

Свято-Успенська Святогірська лавра

( Sviatohirsk Lavra )

The Holy Mountains Lavra of the Holy Dormition (Ukrainian: Свято-Успенська Святогірська Лавра, Sviatohirsk Lavra or the Sviatohirsk Cave Monastery; Russian: Свято-Успенская Святогорская лавра, Sviatogorskaya Lavra or the Sviatogorsky Cave Monastery) is a major Orthodox Christian monastery on the steep right bank of the Siverskyi Donets River. The name comes from the surrounding Holy Mountains; the Holy Dormition is another term for the death of the Virgin Mary.

The monastery is near the town of Sviatohirsk (so named for the monastery in 2003), in Donetsk Oblast, eastern Ukraine. The monastery also forms the centrepiece of the Holy Mountains National Nature Park (established 1997). The Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) proclaimed it a lavra in 2004.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Find sources: "Sviatohirsk Lavra" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR
(July 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

The first written mention of the monastery dates from 1627, although Sigismund von Herberstein had alluded to the "Holy Mountains" area as early as 1526. It is likely that the first monks settled the area in the 15th century. At the time it was a minor monastic establishment in the Wild Fields regularly ravaged by the Crimean Tatars.

In 1787, Catherine II had it shut down. The monastery's lands were secularized and donated to Prince Grigory Potemkin, the Viceroy of New Russia. One of his heirs, Aleksander Mikhailovich Potemkin, and his wife Tatiana, née Princess Galitzine, financed the monastery's revival and rebuilding, starting in 1844.

Soviet closure

Before the October Revolution, the Sviatohirsk Monastery owned a worker's shop, windmills, various kinds of repair shops, and trading buildings. The lavra's main Dormition Cathedral was designed by Alexey Gornostaev, who included a traditional Byzantine tower. From 1917 onward, the Bolsheviks plundered and desecrated the monastery on numerous occasions, beating and murdering many monks and in 1922, they shut the monastery down completely, setting up a Sanatorium for the Donbas workers on the grounds.[1]

Before World War I, the monastery was inhabited by approximately 600 monks. During the 1930s, some of the churches were demolished by the Soviets, along with other numerous religious sites throughout the Soviet Union.[citation needed]

Restoration in independent Ukraine

After the fall of the Soviet Union and the regaining of Ukrainian independence in 1991, the monastery was restored a year later. In 2004, the monastery was officially granted the status of a Ukrainian Orthodox Church lavra. Today, the monastery community consists of more than 100 monks, and is increasing each year.[citation needed]

On October 25, 2005, the National Bank of Ukraine issued its 10-hryvnia commemorative coin depicting the Sviatohirsk Lavra.[2]

2022 Russian shelling
 
St. George's Skete of the Lavra after shelling, May 2022

During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, the monastery provided shelter to civilian refugees. On 12 March 2022, it was damaged by a Russian airstrike on the nearby bridge across the Donets, at which time about 520 refugees were present in the monastery. The blast from the explosion damaged windows and doors of the monastery buildings, and several people were injured from the glass shards of the shattered windows.[3] On 4 May, repeated shelling wounded 7 people.[4] Later in May, Russian shelling destroyed Our Lady of the Joy of All Who Sorrow Skete,[5] St. George's Skete, damaged St. John of Shanghai Skete and the Church of Holy Martyrs of the Lavra.[6][7][8][9] Two civilians were killed in a shelling attack on the monastery on 1 June.[10] On June 4th, it was reported that Russian shelling had destroyed the Skete of All Saints within the Lavra.[11]

^ "Svyatogorsk Lavra :: "The Svyatogorsk Blessed Virgin", sculptor N. Shmatko :: Svyato-Uspenskaya Lavra". www.kingofmarble-shmatko.com. Retrieved 2020-07-11. ^ "NBU releases the Sviatohirsk Lavra on the "chervonets"". ForUm (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-04-27. ^ Авиаудар по Святогорской Лавре (svlavra.church.ua), 13 March 2022. "Russian airstrike damages historic Ukrainian monastery". CNN. 13 March 2022. Retrieved 13 March 2022. ^ "Thursday, May 5. Russia's War On Ukraine: News And Information From Ukraine". Forbes. 2022-05-05. ^ "Россияне обстреляли храм в Богородичном Донецкой области: в подвале прятались монахи и дети" (in Russian). 24 Kanal. 2022-05-21. ^ "The invaders destroyed the Georgievsky Skete of the Svyatogorsk Lavra". The Times Hub. 2022-05-09. ^ "Хроника войны в Украине" (in Russian). Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 2022-05-08. Archived from the original on 2022-05-12. ^ "Войска РФ снова стреляли по скитам Святогорской лавры: есть раненый" (in Russian). Korrespondent. 2022-05-10. ^ "Clues to the Fate of Five Damaged Cultural Heritage Sites in Ukraine". Bellingcat. 2022-06-07. Archived from the original on 2022-06-09. ^ "Russian troops kill 7 civilians in Donetsk Oblast, including 3 in a monastery". news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2022-06-02. ^ "US supports international inquiry into war crimes in Ukraine – as it happened". The Guardian. 4 June 2022. A church in Donetsk has been hit by Russian shelling and has caught fire, with footage and photos circulating of the aftermath.
Photographies by:
Zones
Position
740
Rank
1806

Add new comment

Esta pregunta es para comprobar si usted es un visitante humano y prevenir envíos de spam automatizado.

Security
816347592Click/tap this sequence: 8179

Google street view