Ratneshwar Mahadev temple

Ratneshwar Mahadev Mandir (also known as Matri-rin Mahadev, or Leaning temple of Varanasi) is one of the most photographed temples in the holy city of Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, India. The temple, while apparently well-preserved, leans significantly towards the back side (north-west), and its garbhagriha is generally below the water much of the year, except for a few months during the summer. The Ratneshwar Mahadev Temple is situated at Manikarnika Ghat, Varanasi. The temple has developed a nine-degree slant.

The Temple is also known as Kashi Karvat (Kashi is the ancient name for Varanasi and karvat means leaning in Hindi). The actual time of construction is unknown. However, the priests claim it was built by an unnamed servant of Raja Man Singh for his mother Ratna Bai about 500 years ago.[1] According to the revenue records, it was constructed from 1825 to 1830. However, according to Dr. Ratnesh Varma of District Cultural Committee, it was constructed by the Amethi royal family.[2] James Prinsep, who was an assay master at the Banaras Mint from 1820 to 1830,[3] created a series of drawings, one of which includes the Ratneshwar Mahadev temple. He commented that when the temple entrance was underwater, the priest used to dive in the water to conduct worship.

Some sources claim that was built by Queen Baija Bai of Gwalior in the 19th century.[4] According to another story, it was built by a female servant of Ahilya Bai of Indore, named Ratna Bai. Ahilya Bai cursed it to lean because her servant had named it after herself.[5]

Photographs from 1860s do not show the building leaning. Modern photographs show a lean of about nine degrees. The building is likely leaning due to waterlogged foundation.[5] A lightning strike in 2015 caused slight damage to some of the elements of the shikhara.[5]

^ "Leaning Temple of Varanasi beats the Leaning Tower of Pisa, this is how | Times of India Travel". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Archived from the original on 15 August 2020. ^ किसके श्राप से टेढ़ा हुआ था यह मंदिर, भरा रहता है कीचड़, पढ़ें 5 MYTHS, dainikbhaskar.com | 14 March 2016 ^ "James Prinsep | English antiquarian | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 21 May 2022. ^ "Ratneshwar Mahadev - the Leaning Temple of Kashi". 6 October 2020. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference GSF was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
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Sujay25 - CC BY-SA 4.0
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