कन्दारिया महादेव

( Kandariya Mahadeva Temple )

The Kandariya Mahadeva Temple (Devanagari: कंदारिया महादेव मंदिर, Kandāriyā Mahādeva Mandir), meaning "the Great God of the Cave", is the largest and most ornate Hindu temple in the medieval temple group found at Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh, India. It is considered one of the best examples of temples preserved from the medieval period in India.

Khajuraho was once the capital of the Chandela dynasty. The Kandariya Mahadeva Temple, one of the best examples of temples preserved from the medieval period in India,[1][2] is the largest of the western group of temples in the Khajuraho complex which was built by the Chandela rulers. Shiva is the chief deity in the temple deified in the sanctum sanctorum.[3]

The Kandariya Mahadeva temple was built during the reign of Vidyadhara (r. c. 1003-1035 CE).[4] At various periods of the reign of this dynasty many famous temples dedicated to Vishnu, Shiva, Surya, Shakti of the Hindu religion and also for the Thirthankaras of Jain religion were built. Vidhyadhara, also known as Bida in the recordings of the Muslim historian Ibn-al-Athir was a powerful ruler who fought Mahmud of Ghazni in the first offensive launched by the latter in 1019.[1] This battle was not conclusive and Mahmud had to return to Ghazni. Mahmud again waged war against Vidhyadhara in 1022. He attacked the fort of Kalinjar.[1] The siege of the fort was unsuccessful. It was lifted and Mahmud and Vidhyadhara called a truce and parted by exchanging gifts. Vidhyadhara celebrated his success over Mahmud and other rulers by building the Kaṇḍāriyā Mahādeva Temple, dedicated to his family deity Shiva. Epigraphic inscriptions on a pilaster of the mandapa in the temple mentions the name of the builder of the temple as Virimda, which is interpreted as the pseudonym of Vidhyadhara.[1] Its construction is dated to the period from 1025 and 1050 AD.[5]

All the extant temples including the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple were inscribed in 1986 under the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites under Criterion III for its artistic creation and under Criterion V for the culture of the Chandelas that was popular till the country was invaded by Muslims in 1202.[6][7]

^ a b c d Ring, Salkin & Boda 1994, p. 468. ^ Bhatnagar, Asgwini (20 March 1999). "Ode to immortality Celebrating 1000 years of celestial ecstasy". The Tribune. ^ "Kandariya Mahadeva Temple". Asian Art Museum. ^ Sushil Kumar Sullerey 2004, p. 26. ^ Abram 2003, pp. 420–21. ^ "Khajuraho Group of Monuments: UNESCO World Heritage Site". UNESCO. Retrieved 12 August 2015. ^ "Evaluation Report:World Heritage List No 240" (PDF). UNESCO Organization. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
Photographies by:
User: (WT-shared) Nishantman at wts wikivoyage - CC BY-SA 1.0
Statistics: Position (field_position)
Statistics: Rank (field_order)

Add new comment

Esta pregunta es para comprobar si usted es un visitante humano y prevenir envíos de spam automatizado.

256318794Click/tap this sequence: 2421

Google street view

Where can you sleep near Kandariya Mahadeva Temple ?

411.376 visits in total, 8.972 Points of interest, 400 Destinations, 348 visits today.