پل ورسک

( Veresk Bridge )

The Veresk bridge (Persian: پل ورسک, Pol-e Veresk) is a masonry arch bridge in northern Iran. It was constructed by Impresa G. R. Pizzagalli & C. from Italy from 1934 to 1935 by leadership of the Italian engineer Cesare Delleani, during the reign of Reza Shah. It is located in the Veresk district of Savadkuh County, in Mazandaran province.

In 1933 the Danish Consortium Kampsax, which had been chosen by the government of Iran as general contractor for the Trans-Iranian Railway, assigned Lot number 8 on the Northern section of the project to the Italian Engineer Guido Romeo Pizzagalli from Milan. In November 1933 he founded the company Impresa G.R. Pizzagalli & C. together with several Italian engineers, among them the three brothers Battista, Guido and Cesare Delleani from Biella.[1]

The lot had a total length of 7,600 m with a height difference of 186 m and was composed of 10 tunnels, and two major bridges, one with a length of 52 m and an arch of 25 m and the second with a length of 112 m and an arch of 60 m,[2] which is now considered the masterpiece of the Trans-Iranian Railway and which has been among the world’s tallest bridges at the time of construction.[3] Mr. Cesare Delleani was in charge of the construction of the bridge.[4] The project had been elaborated by a group of engineers of KAMPSAX.[5]

Works on the bridge started in August 1934. The bridge and whole lot was finished by December 1935 and handed over to the contractor by January 1936. Work on the lot has been carried out by 260 specialized workers from Europe, mostly from Italy and about 2700 unspecialised workers from Asia.[6] Two cable-ways had been installed fort the transport of workers and building material to the bridge construction.

By July 1934 a flood in the Versek valley at the bottom of the construction site killed many workers.[7] On March 5, 1935, a strong earthquake claimed many casualties among workers and substantially damaged the construction site.

In summer 1935 Shah Reza Khan paid a visit to the bridge under construction and personally congratulated the chief engineer, Mr. Cesare Delleani.[8]

During World War II, it was known as the Pol-e Piroozi ("The bridge of victory").[9]

^ Dall'Africa Equatoriale al Medio Oriente, Biella, 1995, p. 46 ^ Dall'Africa Equatoriale al Medio Oriente, Biella, 1995, p. 48 ^ Dall'Africa Equatoriale al Medio Oriente, Biella, 1995, p. 74 ^ Dall'Africa Equatoriale al Medio Oriente, Biella, 1995, p. 51 ^ Dall'Africa Equatoriale al Medio Oriente, Biella, 1995, p. 60 ^ Dall'Africa Equatoriale al Medio Oriente, Biella, 1995, p. 50 ^ Dall'Africa Equatoriale al Medio Oriente, Biella, 1995, p. 62 ^ Dall'Africa Equatoriale al Medio Oriente, Biella, 1995, p. 64 ^ Veresk Bridge / itto
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