سلطانیه

( Soltaniyeh )

Soltaniyeh (Persian: سلطانيه, also Romanized as Solţānīyeh, Solţāneyyeh, Sultaniye, and Sultānīyeh; also known as Sa‘īdīyeh;) is a city in the Central District of Soltaniyeh County, Zanjan province, Iran, and serves as capital of both the county and the district.

At the 2006 census, its population was 5,864 in 1,649 households, when it was in Soltaniyeh District of Abhar County. The following census in 2011 counted 7,116 people in 2,013 households. The latest census in 2016 showed a population of 7,638 people in 2,319 households, by which time the district had been separated from the county in the establishment of Soltaniyeh County.

Soltaniyeh, located some 240 kilometres (150 mi) to the north-west of Tehran, was built as the capital of Mongol Ilkhanid rulers of Iran in the 14th century. Its name which refers to the Islamic ruler title sultan translates loosely as "the Regal". Soltaniyeh was visited by Ruy González de Clavijo, who reported that the city was a hub of silk exportation.[1]

In 2005, UNESCO listed Soltaniyeh as one of the World Heritage Sites. The road from Zanjan to Soltaniyeh extends until it reaches to the Katale khor cave.

William Dalrymple notes that Öljaitü intended Soltaniyeh to be "the largest and most magnificent city in the world" but that it "died with him" and is now "a deserted, crumbling spread of ruins."[2]

^ Clavijo, Ruy Gonzalez de (1859). Narrative of the embassy of Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo to the court of Timour at Samarcand, A.D. 1403-6. p. 93. Retrieved 10 April 2018. ^ Dalrymple, William (1989). In Xanadu. pp. 128–129.
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