Shwedagon Pagoda

Shwedagon Pagoda

The Shwedagon Pagoda (Mon: ကျာ်ဒဂုၚ်; Burmese: ရွှေတိဂုံဘုရား; MLCTS: hrwe ti. gum bhu. ra:, IPA: [ʃwèdəɡòʊɰ̃ pʰəjá]), officially named Shwedagon Zedi Daw (Burmese: ရွှေတိဂုံစေတီတော်, [ʃwèdəɡòʊɰ̃ zèdìdɔ̀], lit.'Golden Dagon Pagoda') and also known as the Great Dagon Pagoda and the Golden Pagoda, is a gilded stupa located in Yangon, Myanmar.

The Shwedagon is the most sacred Buddhist pagoda in the Thuwanabumi, Southpart of Myanmar, as it is believed to contain...Read more

The Shwedagon Pagoda (Mon: ကျာ်ဒဂုၚ်; Burmese: ရွှေတိဂုံဘုရား; MLCTS: hrwe ti. gum bhu. ra:, IPA: [ʃwèdəɡòʊɰ̃ pʰəjá]), officially named Shwedagon Zedi Daw (Burmese: ရွှေတိဂုံစေတီတော်, [ʃwèdəɡòʊɰ̃ zèdìdɔ̀], lit.'Golden Dagon Pagoda') and also known as the Great Dagon Pagoda and the Golden Pagoda, is a gilded stupa located in Yangon, Myanmar.

The Shwedagon is the most sacred Buddhist pagoda in the Thuwanabumi, Southpart of Myanmar, as it is believed to contain relics of the four previous Buddhas of the present kalpa. These relics include the staff of Kakusandha, the water filter of Koṇāgamana, a piece of the robe of Kassapa, and eight strands of hair from the head of Gautama.

Built on the 51-metre (167 ft) high Singuttara Hill, the 112 m (367 ft) tall pagoda stands 170 m (560 ft) above sea level, and dominates the Yangon skyline. Yangon's zoning regulations, which cap the maximum height of buildings to 127 metres (417 feet) above sea level (75% of the pagoda's sea level height), ensure the Shwedagon's prominence in the city's skyline.

History
View of the Great Dagon Pagoda in 1825, from a print after Lieutenant Joseph Moore of Her Majesty's 89th Regiment, published in a portfolio of 18 views in 1825-1826 lithography

According to tradition, the Shwedagon Pagoda was constructed more than 2,600 years ago by the Mon King and people, which would make it the oldest Buddhist stupa in the world.[1] The story goes that two merchant brothers of the Mon people Tapussa and Bhallika met the Gautama Buddha during his lifetime and received eight strands of the Buddha's hairs. The brothers presented the eight strands of hair to the Mon King Okkalapa of Dagon who enshrined the strands along with some relics of the three preceding Buddhas of the Gautama Buddha in a stupa on the Singuttara Hill in present-day Myanmar.[2]

Scene upon the terrace of the Great Dagon Pagoda of the Mon accent, 1824-1826

The first mention of the pagoda in the royal chronicles dates only to 1362/63 CE (724 ME) when King Binnya U (r. 1348–1384) raised the pagoda to 18 m (59 ft). Inscriptional evidence, the Shwedagon Pagoda Inscriptions from the Hongsawatoi Dom of the Mon King Dhammazedi (r. 1471–1492), shows a list of repairs of the pagoda going back to 1436. In particular, the Mon Queen Shin Sawbu, the mother in law of the Mon King Dhammazedi (r. 1454–1471) raised its height to 40 m (130 ft), and gilded the new structure. Before the 16th century, the Mon had a King Dom of the Hongsawatoi at the Southpart of Myanmar. After the Mon defeated their land Burmese took over it. By the beginning of the 16th century, Shwedagon Pagoda had become the most famous Buddhist pilgrimage site in Burma.[3]

Shwedagon Pagoda in the 1890s

A series of earthquakes during the following centuries caused damage. The worst damage was caused by a 1768 earthquake that brought down the top of the stupa, but King Hsinbyushin in 1775 raised it to its current height of 99 m (325 ft) (without counting the height of the hti (crown umbrella)). A new hti was donated by King Mindon Min in 1871 after the annexation of Lower Burma by the British. An earthquake of moderate intensity in October 1970 put the shaft of the crown umbrella visibly out of alignment. A scaffold was erected and extensive repairs were made.

The Shwedagon Pagoda Festival, which is the largest pagoda festival in the country, begins during the new moon of the month of Tabaung in the traditional Burmese calendar and continues until the full moon.[4] The pagoda is on the Yangon City Heritage List.

^ Hmannan Yazawin. Royal Historical Commission of Burma. 1832. ^ "Shwedagon Pagoda | History of the gold plated diamond studded Yangon Pagoda". Renown Travel. Archived from the original on June 30, 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2019. ^ Cite error: The named reference Hall1960 was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ Cite error: The named reference mizz was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
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Position
55
Rank
2184
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