Shimshal

Shimshal (Urdu: شمشال), previously known as Shingshal, is a village located in the Gojal tehsil of the Hunza District in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of northern Pakistan. It lies at an altitude of 3,113 metres (10,213 ft) above sea level and is the highest settlement in the district. It is the largest valley in Gilgit-Baltistan. It encompasses nearly the entire district of Hunza. Situated within the valley is the Shimshal River, a tributary that feeds into the Hunza River. Shimshal itself is a border village, serving as a linkage point between Pakistan's Gilgit-Baltistan region and China.

The total area of Shimshal is estimated at approximately 3,800 km2 (1,500 sq mi) and there are around two thousand inhabitants with a total of 250 households.

 Khurdopin glacier and Shimshal River, 2017. Several glaciers flow into the Shimshal Valley, and are prone to blocking the river. Khurdopin glacier surged in 2016–17,[1] creating a sizable lake.[2]

The village of Shimshal was founded in 1450 by Mamu Singh, the brother of "Chu Singh".[citation needed] Both were Burushaski peakers and they belonged to the "Brong Family".[citation needed] Mamu Singh was fond of hunting and other mountain sports. One day, in search of ibex, he went to Gojal. During his hunting trip, he fell in love with a beautiful girl who he then married. They started to live in the area of Boiber. Once, he climbed up to the summit of Karun Kuh which provided him a chance to view the entire region and to see the grazing ground of Lup Goz, which they traveled to with a flock of sheep and goats.[citation needed]

Later, he climbed on the high ground running east, and saw the vast area of "Shimshal Valley" (Shingshal). He noticed that there were signs of existence of a water channel. He came to the conclusion that this flat barren land had been cultivated some time in the past. Thus, Mamu Singh decided to cultivate the abandoned land. He repaired the broken water channel and got water running through it for irrigation. After cultivations in the new settlement Mamu Singh decided to relocate from Astan to Shimshal along with his wife and herds.[citation needed]. They had a son who went on to produce further descendants, populating the area.[citation needed]

The Pakistan Army came to Shimshal in the late 1960s and was posted in Pamir because of border disputes with China. Many Shimshalis worked as porters for the army.[citation needed] Today, many Shimshalis work as porters for trekking and mountaineering groups and expeditions.

^ Steiner, J. F.; Kraaijenbrink, P. D. A.; Jiduc, S. G.; Immerzeel, W. W. (2018-01-11). "Brief communication: The Khurdopin glacier surge revisited – extreme flow velocities and formation of a dammed lake in 2017". The Cryosphere. 12 (1): 95–101. Bibcode:2018TCry...12...95S. doi:10.5194/tc-12-95-2018. ISSN 1994-0424. ^ "When Glaciers and Rivers Collide". earthobservatory.nasa.gov. August 9, 2017.
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