The Santo Tomás de Villanueva Parish, also known as Miagao Church, is a Roman Catholic church located in Miagao, Iloilo, Philippines. The church was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on December 11, 1993, together with San Agustin Church in Manila; Nuestra Señora de la Asuncion Church in Santa Maria, Ilocos Sur; and San Agustin Church in Paoay, Ilocos Norte under the collective title Baroque Churches of the Philippines, a collection of four Baroque Spanish-era churches.

 Church PHC historical marker

Miagao was formerly a visita (a locality served by a visiting priest) of Oton until 1580, Tigbauan until 1592, San Joaquín until 1703 and Guimbal until 1731.[1] It became an independent parish of the Augustinians in 1731 under the advocacy of Saint Thomas of Villanova.[2] With the establishment of the parish, a church and convent was built on land near the sea called Ubos. Father Fernando Camporredondo served as the town's first parish priest in 1734. When the town experienced frequent Moro invasion in 1741 and 1754, the town moved to a more secure place. From there, a new church was constructed in 1787 through forced labor under the supervision of Fray Francisco Gonzales, parish priest and Spanish gobernadorcillo Domingo Libo-on.[3] It was built on the highest point of the town to guard from invaders called Tacas. After ten years, the church was completed in 1797. It was designed with thick walls to serve as protection from invaders. It was severely damaged during the Spanish revolution in 1898 but was later rebuilt, fire in 1910, the second World War and earthquake in 1948.[3] The present church is the third structure built since its establishment in 1731.[4] To preserve the church, it underwent restoration in 1960. This was completed in 1962. It has been declared a national shrine through Presidential Decree No. 260.[5]

^ "Miag-ao Church". Retrieved June 26, 2014. ^ Cite error: The named reference :0 was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ a b "Miag-ao church is an architectural treasure of Iloilo". July 21, 2011. Retrieved June 26, 2014. ^ "A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Miagao's Church of St Thomas of Villanueva". Retrieved June 26, 2014. ^ "Presidential Decree No. 260, s. 1973". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. August 1, 1973. Archived from the original on September 17, 2017. Retrieved November 20, 2023.
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