Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park

Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park

Khao Sam Roi Yot (Thai: เขาสามร้อยยอด) is a marine national park in Kui Buri District, Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Thailand. It covers 98.08 km2 (37.87 sq mi; 61,300 rai), of which 20.88 km2 (8.06 sq mi; 13,050 rai) are marine areas. The park was established in 1966, and was the first coastal national park of Thailand. The park includes Thailand's largest freshwater marsh.

Khao Sam Roi Yot (Thai: เขาสามร้อยยอด) is a marine national park in Kui Buri District, Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Thailand. It covers 98.08 km2 (37.87 sq mi; 61,300 rai), of which 20.88 km2 (8.06 sq mi; 13,050 rai) are marine areas. The park was established in 1966, and was the first coastal national park of Thailand. The park includes Thailand's largest freshwater marsh.

History

Khao Sam Roi Yot was probably where King Mongkut hosted European guests on 18 August 1868 to observe a total solar eclipse. The king was interested in astronomy and had calculated the date and location of the eclipse himself. His calculations proved better—by about two seconds—than those of French astronomers, who acknowledged his accuracy. He contracted malaria, possibly during that event, and died on 1 October.

The national park was created on 28 June 1966.[1] It was enlarged on 1 April 1982.[2]

Archaeology

The discovery of 3,000 years old cave paintings was announced by archaeologists from the Fine Arts Office in May in 2020. Some of the depicted pictures are still visible and clear, while some paintings were damaged by limestone etching. According to archeologist Kannika Premjai, paintings describe humanlike figures with accessories on their bodies, hunting scenes with bow and arrow. Moreover, there is also an animal figure seems to be serow (a goat-like mammal found regionally) found among the drawings.[3] In October 2020, more rock art was discovered in unmapped caves in Sam Roi Yot National Park, dates back to between 2,000 and 3,000 years old.[4]

^ พระราชกฤษฎีกากำหนดบริเวณที่ดินป่าเขาสามร้อยยอด ในท้องที่ตำบลสามร้อยยอด ตำบลศิลาลอย อำเภอปราณบุรี และตำบลสามกระทาย ตำบลดอนยายหนู ตำบลเขาแดง อำเภอกุยบุรี จังหวัดประจวบคีรีขันธ์ ให้เป็นอุทยานแห่งชาติ พ.ศ. ๒๕๐๙ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 83 (53 ก): 420–423. 28 June 1966. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกาขยายเขตอุทยานแห่งชาติป่าเขาสามร้อยยอด ในท้องที่ตำบลสามร้อยยอด ตำบลศิลาลอย ตำบลไร่เก่า อำเภอปราณบุรี และตำบลสามกระทาย ตำบลดอนยายหนู ตำบลเขาแดง อำเภอกุยบุรี จังหวัดประจวบคีรีขันธ์ พ.ศ. ๒๕๒๕ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 99 (46 ก special): 5–8. 1 April 1982. ^ "Ancient cave paintings discovered in western Thailand". www.msn.com. Retrieved 2020-05-31. ^ "Cave raiders: Thai archaeologists hunt ancient artwork". phys.org. 6 October 2020.
Typology
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52
Rank
3192
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Photographies by: Niels Mickers - CC BY 3.0 nl, KOSIN SUKHUM - CC BY-SA 4.0,