The Kapellbrücke (literally, Chapel Bridge) is a covered wooden footbridge spanning the river Reuss diagonally in the city of Lucerne in central Switzerland. Named after the nearby St. Peter's Chapel, the bridge is unique in containing a number of interior paintings dating back to the 17th century, although many of them were destroyed along with a larger part of the centuries-old bridge in a 1993 fire. Subsequently restored, the Kapellbrücke is the oldest wooden covered bridge in Europe, as well as the world's oldest surviving truss bridge. It serves as the city's symbol and as one of Switzerland's main tourist attractions.

 Painting by John Ruskin in 1861, Pencil, watercolour and bodycolour

Part of the bridge complex is the octagonal 34.5 m (113 ft) tall (from ground) "Wasserturm",[1] which translates to "water tower," in the sense of "tower standing in the water." The tower pre-dated the bridge by about 30 years. Over the centuries, the tower has been used as a prison, torture chamber, and later a municipal archive as well as a local treasury.[2] Today, the tower is closed to the public, although it houses a local artillery association and a tourist gift shop.[3]

The bridge itself was originally built c.1365[4] as part of Lucerne's fortifications. It linked the old town on the right bank of the Reuss to the new town on the left bank, securing the town from attack from the south (i.e. from the lake).[5] The bridge was initially over 270 metres (890 ft) long, although numerous shortenings over the years and river bank replenishments mean the bridge now totals only 204.7 metres (672 ft) long. It is the oldest surviving truss bridge in the world, consisting of strutted and triangulated trusses of moderate span, supported on piled trestles; as such, it is probably an evolution of the strutted bridge.[3]

The Kapellbrücke almost burned down on 18 August 1993, destroying two thirds of its interior paintings.[6] Shortly thereafter, the Kapellbrücke was reconstructed and again opened to the public on 14 April 1994 for a total of CHF 3.4 million.[4]

^ "Wasserturm". Luzern Tourismus AG. Retrieved 10 March 2020. ^ "Lucerne and Central Switzerland". Berlitz: Switzerland Pocket Guide. Princeton, NJ: Berlitz Publishing Company. April 1999. p. 76. ISBN 2-8315-7159-6. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Reinle was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ a b "Vor 20 Jahren brannte die Kapellbrücke". Luzerner Zeitung (in German). Lucerne, Switzerland. 18 August 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2017. ^ Cite error: The named reference bild was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ "Brückenbilder - Kapellbrücke" (in German). Stadt Luzern. Retrieved 2 June 2017.[permanent dead link]
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Luca Casartelli - CC BY-SA 3.0
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