The Stanserhorn is a mountain in Switzerland, located in the canton of Nidwalden near to the border with Obwalden, with the peak at 1,898 metres (6,227 ft) above sea level.

It is a popular tourist destination, which can be reached from the adjacent town of Stans by a funicular railway and cable car, or via walking routes from Stans or Dallenwil.

The first public transport route to the peak was started in 1891 and completed in 1893, a three section funicular railway. The builders were the business partners Franz Josef Bucher-Durrer and Josef Durrer-Gasser.[1]

The first section started from Stans town, through the low pastures above the town and over three level crossings, to an intermediate station at Kälti (also sometimes spelt Chälti). The second section continued through forest to another intermediate station at Bluematt (also sometimes spelt Blumatt), then the third section crossed the high pastures and the exposed slope leading up to the summit station and hotel. This third section included a 160 metres (520 ft) long tunnel and a number of avalanche protection walls; the final section of it was carried on a stone embankment. Each section was electrically powered (making it one of the world's first electrically powered mountain railways), with the complete trip to the summit taking 45 minutes.[2]

The railway ran a tourist service until 1970, when on the night of the 2/3 October the funicular cable was struck by lightning. This started a fire which destroyed the summit hotel and the driving engine for the third section in its basement.[1] As a result of this, and also the imminent expiry of the concession, the second funicular section stopped operating in 1974. Part of the driving engine of this section can be seen today outside the summit buildings, while parts of two cars can still be seen at the former Bluematt station.[3]

A new cable car[1][3] was built to replace the two upper funicular sections, which started operation in May 1975. The first funicular section continued in operation, as it does to this day.

In 2001 a revolving restaurant was built at the summit station, and in 2003 an outside observation deck was added.

In 2010 construction work started on a new cable car to replace the 1975 installation. This was to be a new design, the world's first[4] "CabriO" double deck open top cable car, built by Garaventa. Carrying 60 passengers per cabin with room for 30 on the open deck, passengers are able to observe the mountain scenery as well as the cable and engineering installations during the six-minute journey. While this new cable car was being built, the first funicular section and its original wooden cars were renovated. The final run of the former cable car was on 23 October 2011;[5] the renovated funicular and new "CabriO" were opened on 29 June 2012.[1]

^ a b c d Stanserhorn-Bahn. "History of Mount Stanserhorn". Retrieved 3 October 2014. ^ Stanserhorn-Bahn. "Oldtimer Funicular Train". Retrieved 3 October 2014. ^ a b Michel Azéma (Funimag). "The Stanserhorn-Bahn". Retrieved 3 October 2014. ^ Swiss Travel System. "Switzerland launches the world's first Cabrio aerial cableway". Retrieved 29 June 2012.[permanent dead link] ^ Neue Luzerner Zeitung. "Neue Stanserhorn-Bahn wird teurer" (in German). Retrieved 3 October 2014.
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