إب

( Ibb )

Ibb (Arabic: إِبّ, romanized: ʾIbb) is a city in Yemen, the capital of Ibb Governorate, located about 117 km (73 mi) northeast of Mocha and 194 km (121 mi) south of Sana'a. A market town and administrative centre developed during the Ottoman Empire, it is one of the most important medium-sized cities in the country. It is situated on a mountain ridge, surrounded by fertile land. As of 2023, it has an estimated population of 771,500 residents. Other names for Ibb, is "The Land of Green"

 Local men

Ibb has been occupied since ancient times, and due to its strategic importance, the Ottomans used it as an administrative center.[1] It thrived as a market town and the Ottomans established the Wednesday market in Ibb.[2] Ibb was governed by a semi-autonomous emir until 1944, when the emirate was abolished. At times in its history many people have migrated to Ibb from areas of Yemen experiencing drought, to find work in farming.[3] In the mid-1950s there was reportedly an outbreak of smallpox in the city.[4]

German explorer Hermann Burchardt photographed the city in 1901; these photos are now held at the Ethnological Museum of Berlin.[5]

^ Cite error: The named reference CarterDunston2007 was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ Blumi, Isa (30 July 2010). Chaos in Yemen: Societal Collapse and the New Authoritarianism. Taylor & Francis. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-203-84742-8. ^ Burrowes, Robert D. (2010). Historical Dictionary of Yemen. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-8108-5528-1. ^ El-Khalidi, Hatem (September 2011). Sojourn in a Dreadful Land (Yemen Chronicles). Dorrance Publishing. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-4349-1197-1. ^ Ibb, by Hermann Burchardt Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine (Click on photo to enlarge); Whitewashed houses Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine.
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