鴨脷洲

( Ap Lei Chau )

Ap Lei Chau or Aberdeen Island is an island of Hong Kong, located off Hong Kong Island next to Aberdeen Harbour and Aberdeen Channel. It has an area of 1.30 square kilometres (0.50 sq mi) after land reclamation. Administratively it is part of the Southern District. Ap Lei Chau is one of the most densely populated islands on earth, as well as the most densely populated island with a population of over 10,000.

In the 2000s on their website the Guinness World Records called it the world's most densely populated island.

Before the First Opium War, Ap Lei Chau was a small fishing village, with its harbour forming an excellent natural typhoon shelter. The island appears on a Ming-era map[1] with its primary settlement labelled "Fragrant Harbour Village". This is the probable origin of the name for Hong Kong, although the town eventually took the name of its island.

Under the terms of the 1841 Treaty of Nanking, it was ceded to the British together with Hong Kong Island. It was sometimes known as Taplichan,[2] Taplishan,[3] &c. from an alternative name for the island.

The island had a largely uneventful history under British rule.

In 1968, Hongkong Electric opened a power station on Ap Lei Chau to provide electricity for the whole of Hong Kong Island. In 1980 and 1994, a bridge was constructed to connect the island to the Hong Kong Island, and this created momentum for rapid economic development. Public housing estates were built to accommodate people, including some who had suffered in a fire in the Aberdeen typhoon shelter. In 1989, the generators of the power station were relocated to Lamma Island, and the old power station is still demolishing to this day. The nearby site was re-developed into the South Horizons residential area, with the addition of some land reclaimed from the sea.

^ Kuo Fei, Yueh ta-chi, attached Guangdong Coastal Map (《粵大記》海防卷「廣東沿海圖」) ^ MacDonald, A. "Hong-Kong" . Encyclopædia Britannica, Ninth Edition. Vol. XII. pp. 141–142 – via Wikisource. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hong-Kong" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 657–659.
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