Castello di Torrechiara

( Torrechiara Castle )

Torrechiara Castle (Italian: Castello di Torrechiara) is a 15th-century castle near Langhirano, in the province of Parma, northern Italy. It sits atop a terraced hill south of the city of Parma, in a strategic position overlooking the Parma River in the valley below. The castle was commissioned by Pier Maria II de' Rossi, the fourth count of San Secondo, and built between 1448 and 1460. The fortress shows the influence of the castles of the House of Sforza, particularly Visconti-Sforza Castle. The castle is managed by the Polo Museale dell'Emilia Romagna since 2015.

The castle was built as a defensive fortification and as a noble residence for de Rossi's mistress, Bianca Pellegrini d'Arluno.[1] Bianca died in Torrechiara around the year 1480. Pier Maria retired to Torrechiara in 1482, where he died later that year. They were both buried in the castle, in the Oratory of San Nicomede in the north-east tower.[2]

The castle changed hands many times over the centuries until it was declared a national monument in 1911.[3] The following year, it was purchased, unfurnished, by the Italian State, which opened it to the public.[4]

A moderate earthquake of about 5.2 magnitude struck the region on December 23, 2008, causing significant damage to the castle, in particular to the external walls of the tower of San Nicomede, and to the battlement.[5][6] Some of the rooms were closed to the public for structural renovations, completed in 2009. The oratory of San Nicomede was renovated on the ground level, where the collapsed roof slab had been rebuilt in the early 19th-century. On the main floor of the castle, the original Sala della Sera was rebuilt and restored, then placed at the end of the row of the Aurora, Meriggio and Vespro rooms. The castle reopened in July 2014.[7]

^ "Pier Maria Rossi's Fair Pilgrim: Bianca Pellegrini and the Construction of Signorial Power". McCall, T. Nov. 2014. ^ "Castello di- Torrechiara". Archived from the original on 2021-03-01. Retrieved 2019-07-18. ^ "Apertura straordinaria 1 maggio 2014". Archived from the original on 2017-03-29. Retrieved 2019-07-18.[dead link] ^ "Coretto di Torchiara". Archived from the original on 2017-04-06. ^ "Earthquake strikes northern Italy". ^ "Macroseimic survey of the December 23, 2008 earthquake". Quaderni di Geofisica. ^ "Torrechiara, here is the "new" castle after the restoration".
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