Chand Baori

Chand Baori

Chand Baori is a stepwell situated in the village of Abhaneri in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

Chand Baori is a stepwell situated in the village of Abhaneri in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

History

Chand Baori is said to be named after a local ruler called Raja Chanda.[1] However, no epigraphic evidence has been found regarding the construction of the Chand Baori or the adjoining Harshat Mata Temple. Based on similarities in style and carvings with the terraced temples of Paranagar and Mandore, the Baodi can be dated to 8th-9th century.[2] It was likely constructed before the temple.[3] The Chand Baori is one of the few stepwells that has "two classical periods of water building in a single setting". according to Morna Livingston in Steps to Water: The Ancient Stepwells of India[4]

The oldest parts of the step-well date from the 8th century onwards, An upper palace building was added to the site, which is viewed from the tabulated arches used by the Chauhan rulers and the cusped arches used by the Mughals. Access to these rooms is now blocked for tourists.[4] The upper stories with the columned arcade around it were built around the 18th century during the Mughal era.[5] The Mughals also added art galleries and a retaining wall around the well. Today, there are remains of old sculptures and carvings, which were suggested to be in the temple or in the various rooms.[4] The nearby Harshat Mata Temple was a pilgrimage site and formed a complex together with the well. Many of these stepwells, including Chand Baori, served multiple purposes including drawing water and religious or ceremonial activities.[6] This unique form of underground well-architecture remains constant from the 7th century in the existing monument.[6] Excavated stones of the temple are now kept by the Archaeological Survey of India in the arcades of the well. Chand Baori plays an important part of the main current of architectural activity in western India.

^ "ASI: Chand Baori". Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2019. ^ Chandramani Singh, ed. (2002). Protected Monuments of Rajasthan. Jawahar Kala Kendra. p. 176–177. ISBN 978-81-86782-60-6. ^ Cynthia Packert Atherton (1997). The Sculpture of Early Medieval Rajasthan. BRILL. p. 64. ISBN 90-04-10789-4. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference Marvel was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ Morna Livingston (2002). Steps to Water: The Ancient Stepwells of India. Princeton Architectural Press. pp. 38–39. ISBN 978-1-56898-324-0. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Stepwells was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
Typology
Position
99
Rank
1312
Categories
Photographies by: Tapesh Purohit - CC BY-SA 4.0,