Arsameia on the Nymphaios (Armenian: Արշամաշատ, romanized: Arshamashat; Turkish: Eski Kale – "Old Castle") is an ancient city located in Old Kâhta (Eski Kâhta) in Kâhta district, Adıyaman Province, Turkey. The site is near Kâhtaçay, known in ancient times as Nymphaios. Arsameia was a royal seat of the kingdom of Commagene. It is best known for the Hierothesion of King Mithridates I Kallinikos, built for him by his son and heir Antiochos I.

The ancient town of Nymphaios was renamed Arsameia in the third century BCE by the Armenian king Arsames (255–225 BCE). It was then taken in 235 BCE by the Seleukid Antiochus Hierax who was fleeing from his brother Seleucus II, who was later claimed as an ancestor by the Commagenian King Antiochus I. The city had already been abandoned again by Roman times: Stones were robbed from local graves by Roman soldiers for building bridges.[1]

 Dexiosis-fragment at site I, to the upper right the auriole around the head of Mithras
^ Lang, Gernot (2003). Klassische Antike Stätten Anatoliens [Anatolia's Ancient Classical Cities] (in German). Vol. I. Books on Demand. p. 198. ISBN 3833000686.
Photographies by:
Klearchos Kapoutsis from Santorini, Greece - CC BY 2.0
Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - CC BY-SA 2.0
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