Pashupatinath Temple

El

Temple de Pashupatinath (en nepalí: Tempi de Shri Pashupatinath) és un temple hindú dedicat al Senyor Shiva i es troba a Katmandú, Nepal.

Aquest temple va ser classificat com a Patrimoni de la Humanitat l'any 1979. Aquest "extens recinte de temples hindúes" és una "extensa col·lecció de temples, ashrams, imatges i inscripcions aixecades al llarg dels segles a la vora del sagrat Bagmati". riu", i és un dels set grups monumentals de la vall de Katmandú per la UNESCO.

El temple és un dels Paadal Petra Sthalams del continent.

History

The exact date of the temple's construction is uncertain, but the current form of the temple was constructed in 1692 CE.[1] Over time, many more temples have been erected around the two-storied temple, including the Vaishnava temple complex with a Rama temple from the 14th century and the Guhyeshwari Temple mentioned in an 11th-century manuscript.

Pashupatinath Temple is the oldest Hindu temple in Kathmandu. It is not known for certain when Pashupatinath Temple was built. But according to Nepal Mahatmaya and Himvatkhanda,[2] the deity here gained great fame there as Pashupati. Pashupatinath Temple's existence is recorded as early as 400 CE.[3] The ornamented pagoda houses the linga of Shiva. There are many legends describing how the temple of Aalok Pashupatinath came into existence here.

One legend says that Shiva and Parvati took the form of antelopes in the forest on the Bagmati river's east bank. The gods later caught up with him and grabbed him by one of his horns, forcing him to resume his divine form. The broken horn was worshipped as a linga, but over time it was buried and lost. Centuries later a herdsman found one of his cows showering the earth with milk, and after digging at the site, he discovered the divine linga of Pashupatinath.

According to Gopalraj Aalok Vhat, the temple was built by Prachanda Deva, a Licchavi king.

Another chronicle states that Pashupatinath Temple was in the form of Linga shaped Devalaya before Supuspa Deva constructed a five-storey temple of Pashupatinath in this place. As time passed, the temple needed to be repaired and renovated. It is known that this temple was reconstructed by a medieval king named Shivadeva (1099–1126 CE). It was renovated by Ananta Malla adding a roof to it.[4][5]

The main temple complex of Pashupatinath and the sanctum sanctorum was left untouched, but some of the outer buildings in the complex were damaged by the April 2015 Nepal earthquake.

One of the outer shrines damaged in 2015 Nepal earthquake.
^ Sharma, Prayag. "A fresh look at the origin and forms of early temples in the Kathmandu Valley" (PDF). Contributions to Nepalese Studies. Centre for Nepal and Asian Studies (CNAS). 26: 1–25. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 August 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2021. ^ "Sacred destinations". Kathmandu, Nepal: Sacred destinations. 5 May 2009. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 30 October 2011. ^ "Pashupatinath's History – Pashupatinath Temple". Retrieved 15 January 2022. ^ "Pashupatinath". Nepal.saarctourism.org. Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2014. ^ "holy symbol". Mahashivratri.org. Archived from the original on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
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