Van Gogh Museum

The Van Gogh Museum (Dutch pronunciation: [vɑŋˈɣɔx mʏˌzeːjʏm]) is a Dutch art museum dedicated to the works of Vincent van Gogh and his contemporaries in the Museum Square in Amsterdam South, close to the Stedelijk Museum, the Rijksmuseum, and the Concertgebouw. The museum opened on 2 June 1973, and its buildings were designed by Gerrit Rietveld and Kisho Kurokawa.

The museum contains the largest collection of Van Gogh's paintings and drawings in the world. In 2017, the museum had 2.3 million visitors and was the most-visited museum in the Netherlands, and the 23rd-most-visited art museum in the world. In 2019, the Van Gogh Museum launched the Meet Vincent Van Gogh Experience, a technology-driven "immersive exhibition" on Van Gogh's life and works, which has toured globally.

Johanna van Gogh-Bonger (1925) by Isaac Israëls
Vincent van Gogh, Self-portrait with pipe, 1886, Van Gogh Museum
Unsold works

Upon Vincent van Gogh's death in 1890, his work not sold fell into the possession of his brother Theo. Theo died six months after Vincent, leaving the work in the possession of his widow, Johanna van Gogh-Bonger.[1] Selling many of Vincent's paintings with the ambition of spreading knowledge of his artwork, Johanna maintained a private collection of his works. The collection was inherited by her son Vincent Willem van Gogh in 1925, eventually loaned to the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, where it was displayed for many years, and was transferred to the state-initiated Vincent van Gogh Foundation in 1962.[1]

Dedicated museum

Design for a Van Gogh Museum was commissioned by the Dutch government in 1963 to Dutch architect and furniture designer Gerrit Rietveld.[2] Rietveld died a year later, and the building was not completed until 1973,[3] when the museum opened its doors.[4] In 1998 and 1999, the building was renovated by the Dutch architect Martien van Goor,[5] and an exhibition wing by the Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa was added.[6] In late 2012, the museum was closed for renovations for six months. During this period, 75 works from the collection were shown in the H'ART Museum.[7]

On 9 September 2013, the museum unveiled a long-lost Van Gogh painting that spent years in a Norwegian attic believed to be by another painter. It is the first full-size canvas by him discovered since 1928. Sunset at Montmajour depicts trees, bushes and sky, painted with Van Gogh's familiar thick brush strokes. It can be dated to the exact day it was painted because he described it in a letter to his brother, Theo, and said he painted it the previous day 4 July 1888.[8]

Art thefts

In 1991, twenty paintings were stolen from the museum, among them Van Gogh's early painting The Potato Eaters. Although the thieves escaped from the building, 35 minutes later all stolen paintings were recovered from an abandoned car. Three paintings – Wheatfield with Crows, Still Life with Bible, and Still Life with Fruit – were severely torn during the theft.[9] Four men, including two museum guards, were convicted for the theft and given six or seven-year sentences.[10] It is considered to be the largest art theft in the Netherlands since the Second World War.[11]

In 2002, two paintings were stolen from the museum, Congregation Leaving the Reformed Church in Nuenen and View of the Sea at Scheveningen.[12] Two Dutchmen were convicted for the theft to four-and-a-half-year sentences, but the paintings were not immediately recovered.[13][14] The museum offered a reward of €100,000 for information leading to the recovery of the paintings.[15] The FBI Art Crime Team listed the robbery on their Top Ten Art Crimes list, and estimates the combined value of the paintings at US$30 million.[16] In September 2016, both paintings were discovered by the Guardia di Finanza in Castellammare di Stabia, Italy in a villa belonging to the Camorra drug trafficker Raffaele Imperiale.[17] The two artworks were found in a "relatively good state", according to the Van Gogh Museum.[18]

^ a b Van Gogh's Van Goghs: The Van Gogh Museum, National Gallery of Art, archived from the original on 29 May 2010, retrieved 23 April 2011 ^ The Van Gogh Museum In Amsterdam Hosts Our Editor ~ The World's Largest Collection of Van Gogh's Artwork, Art Knowledge News, retrieved 23 April 2011 ^ Gerrit Thomas Rietveld, SFMOMA, archived from the original on 28 July 2010, retrieved 23 April 2011 ^ The Organization Archived 20 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Van Gogh Museum. Retrieved 30 January 2012. ^ The museum's architecture in overview Archived 15 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Van Gogh Museum. Retrieved 6 February 2012. ^ New Wing of the Van Gogh Museum, Kisho Kurokawa architect & associates, 2006, archived from the original on 2 October 2011, retrieved 23 April 2011 ^ Dan Saltzstein, "Amsterdam’s Van Gogh Museum to Close for Renovations", New York Times, 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2012. ^ Siegal, Nina (9 September 2013). "New Van Gogh Painting Unveiled in Amsterdam". NY Times. Retrieved 9 September 2013. ^ Paul L. Montgomery, "Lost and Found: Huge van Gogh Theft Fails", New York Times, 1991. Retrieved 31 January 2012. ^ (in Dutch) "Rovers Van Gogh in hoger beroep forser gestraft", Trouw, 1992. Retrieved 24 February 2012. ^ (in Dutch) "Diefstal Van Goghs grootste kunstroof in Nederland" (subscribers only), NRC Handelsblad, 1991. Retrieved 24 February 2012. ^ "Two van Gogh Works Are Stolen in Amsterdam", New York Times, 2002. Retrieved 5 February 2012. ^ Lawrence Van Gelder, "Jail for Van Gogh Thieves", New York Times, 2004. Retrieved 5 February 2012. ^ (in Dutch) "Ook bij hof veroordeling van rovers", de Volkskrant, 2005. Retrieved 5 February 2012. ^ Van Gogh Museum offers reward for information about theft of paintings Archived 10 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine (press release), Van Gogh Museum, 2003. Retrieved 5 February 2012. ^ Van Gogh Museum Robbery Archived 14 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved 23 February 2012. ^ Martin, Guy. "Two Stolen Van Goghs Worth $112 Million Found in a Police Raid on a Mafia Don's Villa in Italy". Forbes. Retrieved 25 May 2021. ^ "Van Gogh paintings stolen from Amsterdam found in Italy". BBC News. 30 September 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
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