Tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam

The Tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam (Punjabi, Urdu: مقبرہ شاہ رکن عالم) located in Multan, Punjab, Pakistan, is the mausoleum of the 14th century Punjabi Sufi saint Sheikh Rukn-ud-Din Abul Fateh. The shrine is considered to be the earliest example of Tughluq architecture, and is one of the most impressive shrines in Asia. The shrine attracts over 100,000 pilgrims to the annual urs festival that commemorates his death.

The tomb was built between 1320 and 1324 CE by Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq in the pre-Mughal architectural style.[1] The tomb is considered the earliest example of Tughluq architecture, and pre-dates Tughluq monuments in Delhi.[2]

The tomb was built when Ghiyath al-Din served as governor of Dipalpur, and likely was intended to serve as a tomb for himself,[3][1] before he became Emperor of the Delhi Sultanate. Rukn-e-Alam had initially been buried in the Shrine of Bahauddin Zakariya,[3] however, the present tomb was gifted by Muhammad bin Tughluq to the descendants of Rukn-e-Alam,[4] who had his remains interred in the shrine in 1330.[3]

^ a b "Tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam". UNESCO website. Retrieved 22 March 2021. ^ Cite error: The named reference yale was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ a b c Khan, Hassan Ali (2016). Constructing Islam on the Indus: The Material History of the Suhrawardi Sufi Order, 1200–1500 AD. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781316827222. ^ Bunce, Fredrick W. (2004). Islamic Tombs in India: The Iconography and Genesis of Their Design. D.K. Printworld. ISBN 9788124602454.
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