Gobi Desert


( Gobi Desert )

The Gobi Desert () is a large desert or brushland region in East Asia. It covers parts of Northern and Northeastern China and of Southern Mongolia. The desert basins of the Gobi are bounded by the Altai Mountains and the grasslands and steppes of Mongolia on the north, by the Taklamakan Desert to the west, by the Hexi Corridor and Tibetan Plateau to the southwest and by the North China Plain to the southeast.

The Gobi is the 6th-largest desert in the world and the second-largest in Asia after the Arabian Desert. It is notable in history as the location of several important cities along the Silk Road.

The Gobi is a rain shadow desert, formed by the Tibetan Plateau, which keeps precipitation from the Indian Ocean from reaching the Gobi territory.

History European exploration
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The Gobi had a long history of human habitation, mostly by nomadic peoples. By the early 20th century, the region was under the nominal control of Manchu-China, and inhabited mostly by Mongols, Uyghurs, and Kazakhs. The Gobi Desert as a whole was known only very imperfectly to outsiders, as information was confined to observations by individual travelers engaging in their respective itineraries across the desert. Among the European explorers who contributed to the understanding of the Gobi, the most important were the following:[1]

Jean-François Gerbillon (1688–1698) Eberhard Isbrand Ides (1692–1694) Lorenz Lange (1727–1728 and 1736) Fuss and Alexander G. von Bunge (1830–1831) Hermann Fritsche (1868–1873) Pavlinov and Z.L. Matusovski (1870) Ney Elias (1872–1873) Nikolai Przhevalsky (1870–1872 and 1876–1877) Zosnovsky (1875) Mikhail V. Pevtsov (1878) Grigory Potanin (1877 and 1884–1886) Béla Széchenyi and Lajos Lóczy (1879–1880) The brothers Grigory Grum-Grshimailo (1889–1890) and M. Y. Grigory Grum-Grshimailo Pyotr Kuzmich Kozlov (1893–1894 and 1899–1900) Vsevolod I. Roborovsky (1894) Vladimir Obruchev (1894–1896) Karl Josef Futterer and Dr. Holderer (1896) Charles-Etienne Bonin (1896 and 1899) Sven Hedin (1897 and 1900–1901) K. Bogdanovich (1898) Ladyghin (1899–1900) and Katsnakov (1899–1900) Jacques Bouly de Lesdain and Martha Mailey, 1902.[2]
^   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Bealby, John Thomas (1911). "Gobi". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 165–169. ^ "Romance Gone, Given Divorce". The Evening News. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. July 28, 1926. p. 1. Retrieved October 4, 2016 – via Newspapers.com. In 1902, while Lesdain was leading an expedition through the Gobi desert, he crossed the path of another explorer. This latter proved to be Miss Mailey who, dressed in men's clothes, commanded her expedition with assurance borne of the safe culmination of many adventures.
Photographies by:
Miss Irina - CC BY-SA 3.0

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