Camden Town ( ), often shortened to Camden, is an area in the London Borough of Camden, around 2.5 miles (4.1 km) north-northwest of Charing Cross. Historically in Middlesex, it is identified in the London Plan as one of 34 major centres in Greater London.

Laid out as a residential district from 1791 and originally part of the manor of Kentish Town and the parish of St Pancras, Camden Town became an important location during the early development of the railways, which reinforced its position on the London canal network. The area's industrial economic base has been replaced by service industries such as retail, tourism and entertainment. The area now hosts street markets and music venues associated with alternative culture.

 The ancient parishes, west to east, of Paddington and St Marylebone (in the modern City of Westminster), and St Pancras, including Camden Town (in the modern London Borough of Camden) in 1834Toponymy

Camden Town is named after Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden. His earldom was styled after his estate, Camden Place near Chislehurst in Kent (now in the London Borough of Bromley), formerly owned by historian William Camden.[1] The name, which appears on the Ordnance Survey map of 1822,[2] was later applied to the early-20th-century Camden Town Group of artists and the London Borough of Camden, created in 1965.[3]

Urban development

The emergence of the industrial revolution in the 19th century meant Camden was the  North Western Railway's terminal stop in 1837. It was where goods were transported off the tracks and onto the roads of London by 250 000 workhorses.[4] The whole area was adapted to a transportation function: the Roundhouse (1846), Camden Lock and the Stables were examples of this.

Camden Town stands on land that was once the manor of Kentish Town.[3] Sir Charles Pratt, a radical 18th-century lawyer and politician, acquired the manor through marriage. In 1791, he started granting leases for houses to be built in the manor.[3] In 1816, the Regent's Canal was built through the area.[5] Up to at least the mid-20th century, Camden Town was considered an "unfashionable" locality.[6] The Camden Markets, which started in 1973 and have grown since then, attract many visitors. A 1993 bomb blast injured 18 people on Camden High Street. On 9 February 2008, Camden Canal market suffered a major fire, but there were no injuries.[7] It later reopened as Camden Lock Village,[8] until closed in 2015 for redevelopment.[9]

^ Walford, Edward. "Camden Town and Kentish Town." Old and New London: Volume 5. London: Cassell, Petter & Galpin, 1878. 309–324. British History Online. Web. 18 September 2018. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/old-new-london/vol5/pp309-324. ^ Mills 2001, p. 37 ^ a b c Mills 2001, p. 38 ^ Town, Camden Town Unlimited and Euston (12 July 2019). "The History of Camden Market's 'The Stables'". Camden Town Unlimited & Euston Town. Retrieved 22 October 2021. ^ Hibbert, Christopher (2008). London Encyclopaedia. Macmillan London Ltd. p. 123. ISBN 978-1-4050-4924-5. ^ Dunton, Larkin (1896). The World and Its People. Silver, Burdett. p. 29. ^ "Blaze ravages London market area". BBC. BBC. 9 February 2008. Retrieved 2 January 2010. ^ "Camden Market continues strongly". MintTwist. 22 February 2008. Retrieved 29 August 2014. ^ Alina Polianskaya (28 January 2015). "Market closes down as Hawley Wharf development project begins". Camden New Journal. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
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